International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law


Testimony: High Level Hearing on a European Strategy for Artificial Intelligence

March 27, 2018

The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence

Report (2018) (with Miles Brundige, Sharhar Avin, Jack Clark, Helen Toner, Peter Eckersley, Ben Garfinkel, Allan Dafoe, Paul Scharre, Thomas Zeitzoff, Bobby Filar, Hyrum Anderson, Heather Roff, Gregory C. Allen, Jacob Steinhardt, Carrick Flynn, Sean O hEigeartaigh, Simon Beard, Hydn Belfield, Sebastian Farquhar, Clare Lyle, Owain Evans, Michael Page, Joanna Bryson, Roman Yampolskiy, and Dario Amodei)

Artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities are growing at an unprecedented rate. These technologies have many widely beneficial applications, ranging from machine translation to medical image analysis. Countless more such applications are being developed and can be expected over the long term. Less attention has historically been paid to the ways in which artificial intelligence can be used maliciously. This report surveys the landscape of potential security threats from malicious uses of artificial intelligence technologies, and proposes ways to better forecast, prevent, and mitigate these threats. We analyze, but do not conclusively resolve, the question of what the long-term equilibrium between attackers and defenders will be. We focus instead on what sorts of attacks we are likely to see soon if adequate defenses are not developed.


Dr. Crootof also often writes on artificial intelligence in the context of discussing new weapons technologies.