Dr. Crootof's primary areas of research include technology law, torts, and international law; her written work explores questions stemming from the iterative relationship between law and technology, often in light of social changes sparked by increasingly autonomous systems, artificial intelligence, cyberspace, robotics, and the Internet of Things. She lectures on techlaw issues at law schools and think tanks, has testified on artificial intelligence and public policy at the European Political Strategy Centre, and consults on the use of autonomous systems in armed conflicts. At Yale Law School, Dr. Crootof teaches "Technology Law," a course that identifies the various ways both domestic and international legal regimes respond to and shape technological development.
Dr. Crootof earned a B.A. cum laude in English with a minor in Mathematics at Pomona College; a J.D. at Yale Law School; and a PhD at Yale Law School, where she graduated as a member of the first class of PhDs in law awarded in the United States. Her dissertation, Keeping Pace: New Technology and the Evolution of International Law, discusses how technology fosters change in the international legal order, both by creating a need for new regulations and by altering how sources of international governance develop and interact. She has published with the Cornell Law Review, the Pennsylvania Law Review, the Yale Journal of International Law, the Harvard National Security Journal, and the Yale Law Journal; and written for Slate, Lawfare, and Just Security.
Dr. Crootof served as a law clerk for the late Judge Mark R. Kravitz of the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut and for Judge John M. Walker, Jr. of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. She consults for the Institute for Defense Analyses and is a member of the New York Bar, the Board of Directors of the Equal Rights Center, the Center for New American Security's Task Force on Artificial Intelligence and National Security.
She enjoys skiing, hiking, and reading science fiction "for work."